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Alcohol Abuse and Addiction

What is alcohol abuse and dependence?

Although often used interchangeably, the terms alcohol abuse and dependence are very different. Alcohol abuse is the excessive consumption of alcohol over a short period of time. Alcohol abuse can lead to a loss of self-control that leads to poor decision making and risky behavior. It can also lead to dependence as its tolerance level increases over time. In such cases, alcohol consumption is used as a coping strategy and these symptoms of quitting alcohol are experienced when away from alcohol.

What are the signs of alcohol abuse and dependence?
Signs of alcohol abuse include:

  • Drink alcohol regularly until drunk
  • Drink alcohol fast

Signs of alcohol dependence include:

  • Worrying/looking forward to when it's time to drink alcohol
  • Drink alcohol alone regularly
  • Behavior of drinking alcohol secretly
  • Arguing about drinking alcohol

Risk factors

Adolescents are more susceptible to peer coercion that influences them to drink alcohol. The reason is, when teenagers the brain is still developing so that the reward center is more often activated by behaviors such as alcohol consumption. No one should be forced to drink alcohol; So, it’s important to have the courage to say no. Some ways to combat peer coercion include:

  • Avoid peers who force you to drink alcohol or force you to do dangerous behavior
  • Suggest other alternatives instead of drinking alcohol or invite your friends to drink non-alcoholic drinks
  • Find other friends who also resist your friend's coercion to drink alcohol
  • Talk to a trusted adult about the problem you are having

Long term consequences

Given that alcohol is a depressant, it can temporarily improve mood and self-confidence. Depressants are substances that alter the arousal of neurons by disrupting the chemical balance in the brain and nervous system, resulting in the feeling of relaxation commonly associated with drinking.
Long-term effects of alcohol abuse include:

  • Increased aggressive behavior
  • Mood fluctuations
  • Sleep and concentration disorders
  • Brain damage

Such consequences can be particularly damaging for those with a history of pre-existing disease.

Developing Healthy Coping Strategies and Treatment Options for Alcohol Addiction

While it’s fine to drink alcohol in moderation, dependence on alcohol as a coping strategy can cause problems later. On the other hand, alternative coping strategies can be done by:

  • Reach trusted friends or family members exercise
  • Engage in self-care behavior
  • Building new and healthy social relationships

Impact of Mining Waste Disposal into the Sea

Submarine Tailings Disposal (commonly abbreviated as STD) is mining waste disposal or tailings to the marine environment through pipelines. STD is used as one of the solutions for mining companies to throw tailings into the sea because if tailings are dumped on land requires a large area of land and is generally vulnerable to forming harmful elements when oxidized.

The solution is also claimed that if it throws tailings to the seabed with a small oxygen content, then the tailings will tend not to be oxidized so as not to release toxic metals. In addition, the seabed environment is considered to have no abundant marine biota so it does not interfere with the surrounding ecosystem. STD is also considered a relatively cheaper solution.

However, STD can only be done if obtaining permission from the authorities in accordance with applicable regulations. Many of the world’s mining companies have good technology and knowledge about the implementation of STD, but in reality this technology remains unable to avoid the environmental impacts of the ocean, especially on bentos, plankton, and phytoplankton in the sea. Therefore, STD is prohibited in various countries such as America, Canada, and Australia. In Indonesia itself there are still several companies in the eastern region of Indonesia that conduct this STD. Until now, tailings disposal into the sea is still reaping many pros and cons from the community, companies, and the government.

In fact, either STD or land dam tailings is an activity that is expected to minimize environmental pollution if done correctly, although it will still have an impact on the environment. Therefore, in its implementation must be done proper processing so that it can meet quality standards and not pollute the environment.

The Biggest Challenge in the Mining Business World

With abundant natural resources, it is no wonder that the mining business in Indonesia is so lucrative. The prospect of profit from a mining business is quite promising. But when you look at the reality in the field, not always the mining business is always smooth in its journey.

Challenges and problems continue to come in succession, both due to internal and external factors outside the company. This also requires the management to be able to continue to think about a mature strategy, so that all the problems can be resolved. Then what are the challenges that often become the stumbling block of a mining business?

1. Market Price

The mining company’s revenue from the sale of its mining products depends heavily on market price movements. Unfortunately, the price of mining commodities is very volatile and every time is constantly changing. This market price movement is usually influenced by several factors.

The exchange rate of the U.S. dollar, which is the base currency in mining commodity trading transactions, is also unstable in value. The stronger the value of Uncle Sam’s country’s currency, the lower the price of mining commodities.

The reference market price of this mining commodity can also be influenced by the amount of demand in the market. High demand will make commodity prices also soar, which has become a principle in economics.

The production performance of mining companies also has a considerable influence on market price movements. When companies decide to boost their production, their commodity reserves will accumulate. This will be related to supply and demand that makes commodity prices move.

2. Capital

It is undeniable that the revenue from a mining business is quite high, including the turnover of money in it involves a very large amount. But to open a new mining business, a large capital is needed. This capital problem is also a challenge for entrepreneurs who want to enter the mining business.

In the world of mining, the level of difficulty in collecting the results of natural resources is certainly also a big influence on the capital needed. The deeper the minerals that want to be mined, the greater the technology, power and equipment needed. This includes the risks that may be posed. Therefore, the company needs to prepare a large capital so that the operation can be maintained.

3. Illegal Mining

Any produce that concerns the lives of many people, according to the law is controlled by the state. Therefore, every mining activity must first obtain official permission from the government. Unfortunately, although the rules and sanctions imposed are very clear and heavy, there are still many people who set up illegal mines.

This illegal mining certainly ignores existing regulations, including standard operating procedures. In the end, the negative impact is quite large. Indirectly, illegal mining that has a negative impact also makes the stigma of the mining world very bad. This can also affect commodity prices, as mining products sold can destroy market prices.

4. Environmental and Social Issues

The stigma is bad about the mining world because of rogue companies that do not work according to procedures, resulting in the environment being damaged. This is what makes the lay community, anti against mining activities. Whereas if following the procedure and responsible, then mining can provide welfare to the surrounding community.

If the procedure is carried out properly, the welfare of the surrounding community will undoubtedly increase. Thus, it can dismiss various social issues that often afflict the mining world.

Potential Health Business Opportunities

Health is crucial for every human being. People always need health care. Therefore, the prospect of business in the field of health also looks bright and can bring huge profits. Check out the business opportunities in the health field that you can try, here.
Potential health business opportunities

1. Hospital or clinic

Healthcare facilities are always needed. Hospitals will always be the goal of patients who need treatment. While clinics can make a big profit if opened in areas close to community settlements.

2. Midwife

Midwife services are also urgently needed. Thus, the community gets convenience for maternity affairs and caring for children. Midwife services are very suitable to be established in areas a bit far from the hospital, so that pregnant women can give birth comfortably and safely.

3. Pharmacy

In addition to health services, various medicinal products are also important in supporting one’s health. You could try to set up a pharmacy business. Drugs will always be sought by many parties, so this business can bring in a fairly consistent income.

4. Bureau of Psychology

Health is not just a matter of physical health, mental health is important. In addition to hospitals and clinics to treat physical illnesses, the presence of psychology bureaus is also important to support mental health.

The psychology bureau provides a variety of psychological services, ranging from psychological tests, consultations, counseling, as well as other psychological therapies. There are bureaus that focus on dealing with children, some that handle adults. Not closing the possibility, there is a bureau that handles child to adult issues.

5. Sell medical devices

Not only medicine, medical devices are also important benefits. Selling a variety of medical devices can make a hefty profit.

Health workers always need the help of tools in order to be able to perform services to the maximum. In addition, the general public sometimes needs medical devices to support their activities. You can provide medical device products to meet these needs.

Medical devices intended for health care facilities are certainly different from the general public. Each side has different needs, thus creating a different market. Observe the needs of each market and choose the target market to go to.
Various tips in starting a health business

Business in the field of health is certainly not a playful business. The products and services you offer concern a person’s health. In order for your business to run smoothly, there are several aspects that need to be considered, including:

  • Learn business well. Do some research around the focus of the health field you want to try. In addition, make careful business planning. Also learn how the market competition you will face.
  • Prepare enough capital. Business in the field of health is quite expensive. Before you begin, make sure that you are materially ready.
  • In addition to your own capital, you can also partner with other parties or look for investors.
  • Observe the requirements for establishment permission. The permit to set up a health business is rather strict. Prepare the required documents. Surely, you don’t want your business to be troubled by ineligible, do you?
  • Recruiting qualified human resources. Qualified human resources will create quality services. Your business will also be more trusted by the public.

Another thing that is no less important in starting a business in the field of health is perseverance. Business in this field is not an easy business, especially if you are not trying to persevere. That way, you’ll be better equipped to face all the challenges.

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